Lighthouse of Alexandria


Lighthouse Of Alexandria Description

The world's oldest lighthouse was built by Sostratus of Cnidus around 270 BC.

It was a pyramid-shaped tower of white marble on the island of Pharos (in Greek the word Pharos means lighthouse) off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt.

Although no exact measurements of the lighthouse survived, most eyewitness accounts are consistent regarding its size.

It was estimated to be almost 120 meters tall (between 103 and 108 meters) on a base of 30 by 30 meters.

It was one of the Seven Wonders of the World, a listing designated by Antipater of Sidon in the second century BC.

The Pharos was described as made from white stone, most probably it had a marble fa├žade.

The library was equipped with a hydraulic lift to raise fuel to the roof. Its signaling system, probably a mirror reflecting a fire, could be seen over a radius of 50 kilometers into the Mediterranean. Within its square base were about 300 rooms designed to house mechanics and operators; above were an octagonal storey and a circular storey, topped by a lantern with a beacon, the exact workings of which are still a mystery.

At the top of the lighthouse, a statue of either Zeus or Poseidon stood.

Ancient Alexandria
Ancient Alexandria engravings

Lighthouse of Alexandria
Lighthouse of Alexandria
Pharos of Alexandria